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Sustainable Development
Our Rich Mineral State: New State Jharkhand

Almost 76 per cent of the nine crore population of Bihar will remain under Patna administration and only 2.18 crore, or 24.22 per cent of the population, will find their homes in the new state of Jharkahand.

Since revenue generated in the Jharkhand districts is much more than that in north Bihar, it follows that the per capita revenue collection of Jharkhand will rise by a substantial margin. Out of the 2.18 crore population in the 18 districts of JHARKHAND - spread over 203 blocks - 60 lakh will be from the schedule tribes and 25 lakh from the schedule castes. Similarly, the literacy rate will be 52 per cent (higher than that of all-India average of 51). Also, the female literacy rate will equal the all-India average of 34 per cent.

The numero uno coal producing state With an area of 74,677 square kilometres, JHARKHAND accounts for 33 per cent of the country's total coal production and will rank first among the states in terms of amount of coal produced. It is become the leading producing state in many other ores and minerals, for example, copper ore (34 per cent of the country's total production), pyrites (58 per cent) and quartzite (87 per cent). In iron ore (34 per cent of the country's total production), graphite (18 per cent) and quartz & silica sand (17 per cent), among others, it will be the second leading producer.

The new state also have the distinction of making major contributions in the national production of bauxite (109 million tonnes), copper (156 million tonnes), limestone (658 million tonnes) and granite (581 million tonnes). Apart from these, the state also produces a fair amount of chromites, magnetite,manganese ore, cobalt, nickel, titanium, uranium, phosphorite, gold, dolomite, etc.

Almost all the major industries in Bihar are in the JHARKHAND area. The big names among them are Tata Iron & Steel Co, Tata Engineering & Locomotive Co, Tata Timken, Tata Cummins, Tata Yodogawa, Tinplate Co of India, Usha Beltron and ACC in Jamshedpur, Heavy Engineering Corp, Central Coalfields Ltd, Usha Martin and Indian Aluminium Co in Ranchi, Bharat Coking Coal Ltd and Eastern Coalfields Ltd in Dhanbad), Hindustan Copper Ltd in Chaibasa and Bokaro Steel Plant in Bokaro.

Apart from these, there are units of Dabur, La Opala, Fertiliser Corp of India, Bihar Sponge, TRF, etc. Among the technical support units in the JHARKHAND area, the major ones are Mecon, SAIL's R&D centre, Central Mining & Planning Development Institute, Central Mines Research Institute, Indian School of Mines, XLRI and Central Fire.

Copyright © 2006 Bharat Mining Company.
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